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### Browsing by Author "Hou, Ruomu"

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- ItemAchieving Sublinear Complexity under Constant ๐ in ๐ -interval Dynamic Networks(2022-05-26) Hou, Ruomu; Jahja, Irvan; Sun, Yucheng; Wu, Jiyan; Yu, Haifeng
Show more This paper considers standard {\em $T$-interval dynamic networks}, where the $N$ nodes in the network proceed in lock-step {\em rounds}, and where the topology of the network can change arbitrarily from round to round, as determined by an {\em adversary}. The adversary promises that in every $T$ consecutive rounds, the $T$ (potentially different) topologies in those $T$ rounds contain a common connected subgraph that spans all nodes. Within such a context, we propose novel algorithms for solving some fundamental distributed computing problems such as Count/Consensus/Max. Our algorithms are the first algorithms whose complexities do not contain an $\Omega(N)$ term, under constant $T$ values. Previous sublinear algorithms require significantly larger $T$ values.Show more - ItemOn the Power of Randomization in Distributed Algorithms in Dynamic Networks with Adaptive Adversaries*(2020-09-16) Jahja, Irvan; Yu, Haifeng; Hou, Ruomu
Show more This paper investigates the power of randomization in general distributed algorithms in dynamic networks where the networkโs topology may evolve over time, as determined by some adaptive adversary. In such a context, randomization may help algorithms to better deal with i) โbadโ inputs to the algorithm, and ii) evolving topologies generated by โbadโ adaptive adversaries. We prove that randomness offers limited power to better deal with โbadโ adaptive adversary. We define a simple notion of prophetic adversary for determining the evolving topologies. Such an adversary accurately predicts all randomness in the algorithm beforehand, and hence the randomness will be useless against โbadโ prophetic adversaries. Given a randomized algorithm P whose time complexity satisfies some mild conditions, we prove that P can always be converted to a new algorithm Q with comparable time complexity, even when Q runs against prophetic adversaries. ThisShow more - ItemOptimistic Fast Confirmation While Tolerating Malicious Majority in Blockchains(2023-04-06) Hou, Ruomu; Yu, Haifeng
Show more The robustness of a blockchain against the adversary is often characterized by the maximum fraction (fmax) of adversarial power that it can tolerate. While most existing blockchains can only tolerate fmax < 0.5 or lower, there are some blockchain systems that are able to tolerate a malicious majority, namely fmax >= 0.5. A key price paid by such blockchains, however, is their large confirmation latency. This work aims to significantly reduce the confirmation latency in such blockchains, under the common case where the actual fraction f of adversarial power is relatively small. To this end, we propose a novel blockchain called FLINT. FLINT tolerates fmax >= 0.5 and can give optimistic execution (i.e., fast confirmation) whenever f is relatively small. Our experiments show that the fast confirmation in FLINT only takes a few minutes, as compared to several hours of confirmation latency in prior works.Show more